The branched stem is erect and smooth and grows to a height of 15-60 cm. The long and narrow leaves are bipinnate or tripinnate. The flowers are borne in paniculate capitula. The white ray florets are furnished with a ligule, while the disc florets are yellow. The hollow receptacle is swollen and lacks scales. The flowers have a strong, aromatic smell, and bloom in early to mid summer.
Parts Used: Flower
Distribution: Cultivated throughout plain area of Nepal.
Method of Extraction: Steam Distillation
|Specification of German Chamomile|
|1. Organoleptic Properties|
|Aroma||Intensely sweet, herbaceous-cournarin-like with a fresh-fruity undertone|
|2. Physico-chemical Properties|
|Specific gravity||0.8995 to 0.9128 at 25° C|
|Refractive index||1.480 to 1.5055 at 25° C|
|Acid number||4 to 15.70|
|Ester number||5 to 15|
|Ester number after acetylation||65 to 110|
|Solubility||Soluble in 90% alcohol with separation of paraffins|
|3. Chemical constituent
Bisabolol, Farnesol, Azulene, Farnasene, Thujanol
Chamomile is used medicinally against sore stomach, irritable bowel syndrome, and as a gentle sleep aid. It can be taken as an herbal tea. Oil is also used in cosmetics.