Common name : Spikenard
Vernacular name : Bhulte, Jatamansi
Botanical name : Nardostachys grandiflora DC
Famiy : Valerianaceae
An erect perennial herb, ca 10-30cm high, Rootstock long, stout, woody, Radical leaves elongate spathulate, cauline leaves sessile, few, oblong or sub-ate, Flowers rosy, pale pink or blue, in dense cymes.
Flowering period: July-August.
Fruiting period: September-October,
Parts used: Rootstocks.
Distribution: The plant grows throughout Nepal at an altitude between 3200- 5000m. Himalaya (Uttar Pradesh to Bhutan), W. China.
Propagation: The Plant is propagated by cuttings of rootstocks and sometimes by seeds.
Method of extraction of Jatamansi Oil: Jatamansi Oil is obtained by steam distillation of dried rhizomes of Nardostachys grandiflora DC.
|Specification of Jatamansi|
|1. Organoleptic Properties|
|Appearance||Fluid to slightly viscous liquid,|
|Color||Greenish blue or deep blue.|
|Aroma||Sweet-woody and spicy-animal odor; suggestive of patchouli and valenrian.|
|2. Physico-chemical Properties|
|Specific gravity||0.9300 to 0.9587 at 250C.|
|Refractive index||1.5055 to 1.5458 at 250C.|
|Acid number||1.5 to 8|
|Ester number||6 to 45|
|Ester number after acetylation||40 to 65|
|Solubility||Soluble in 0.4 to 1.5 vol. of 90% alcohol.|
|3. Chemical constituent
Valeranone (jatamansone), spirojatamol, patchouli alcohol, norseychelanone, ά – and β – patchoulene, jatamol A and B, jatamansic acid, terpenic coumarins-oroseol, jatamansin.
1. In perfumery and in flovors as a modifier for valerian, hop, ginger etc
2. Aromatherapy: Sedative, Antihypertensive.
3. In perfumery such as oriental bases, heavy florals, fougeres, woody bases, etc; in flavors as a modifier for valerian, hop, ginger, calamus, cardamom, etc.