Common name: Mugwort/Titepati
Vernacular name: Titepati
Botanical name: Artemisia vulgaris L.
A tall shrub up to 1m. Leaves alternate, entire, large, ovate, acute, lower petioled, upper sessile or petioled; leads numerous, discoid, very small, globose, Flowers few, tinged with green and yellow or purple.
Flowering period: April – May.
Parts used: aerial parts.
Distribution: The plant is very common throughout Nepal at an altitude ranging between 1200-3400m. Himalayan, China, Korea and Japan.
Propagation: The plant is propagated through seeds.
Method of extraction of Artemisia Oil: Artemisia Oil is obtained by steam distillation of the aerial parts of Artemisia vulgarisL.
|Specification of Artemisia|
|1. Organoleptic Properties|
|Color||Pale yellow or yellowish.|
|Aroma||Fresh-camphoraceous, somewhat bitter sweet.|
|2. Physico-chemical Properties|
|Specific gravity||0.8786 to 0.9265 at 250C.|
|Optical rotation||(-) 13.25 degree to (-) 29.35 at 25degree C|
|Refractive index||1.350 to 1.49 at 250C.|
|Acid number||2.49 to 6.5|
|Ester number||25.05 to 55|
|Ester number after acetylation||65 to 90|
|Solubility||Insoluble in alcohol.|
|3. Chemical constituent
Thujone, cineol, pinene.
In perfumery and as a flavoring agent