It is a perennial slightly hairy, tuft herb up to 45cm in height. Radical leaves are persistent, long petioled, deeply cordate-ovate,
usually toothed or sinuate. There are only a few cauline leaves which are much smaller, entire or pinnate. Flowers are often dioecious, white or tinged with pink, in a terminal corymb. Fruits are oblong, compressed, hairy orglabrous. Rootstocks are thick and horizontal. Crude rhizome is banned for export without processing.
Parts Used : Roots, Rhizomes.
Availability : 1500 to 3600 meters.
Collection period : October to November.
Uses : Anodyne, antidandruff, diuretic, antispasmodic, depressant of the central nervous system, etc. Also used in pharmaceutical preparations and as a fragrance and flavoring agent.
Quantity available: 1500kgs.